Here Is What You Need To Know About Blood Pressure Range
Our heart pumps blood in our body to give it the amount of energy and oxygen it needs for normal its normal functioning. As the blood moves through the blood vessels it exerts pressure against the walls of blood vessels. The strength of this push against the walls of the blood vessels is called as blood pressure.
Blood pressure is measured in two parts: systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure experienced in the blood vessels when the heart contracts, i.e., when it takes in impure blood. Diastolic pressure is the pressure experienced by the blood vessels when the heart relaxes, i.e., when the heart pumps out filtered oxygenated blood to the body. In case of high blood pressure, the blood exerts more pressure on blood vessels, which might lead to heart attack and strokes.
The normal blood pressure range is 120/80 mm Hg, where 120 is systolic pressure and 80 is diastolic pressure. Elevated pressure is above 120/80 mmHg. Elevated blood pressure range might soon lead to high blood pressure. You might not need any medical intervention, but it is necessary to maintain healthy lifestyle and follow remedies to prevent hypertension.
Here are some stages based on the blood pressure range.
Stage 1 hypertension
The blood pressure range in this case is 130 to 139 mm Hg of diastolic blood pressure and 80 to 89 mm Hg of systolic blood pressure. The diagnosis of blood pressure, however, determines hypertension, which is based on the average of these readings over a period of time. If a person is above 65 years of age, the doctor might recommend lifestyle changes that will reduce your systolic pressure that is responsible for hypertension. High blood pressure in older adults leads to memory problems and dementia.
Stage 2 hypertension
This type of hypertension is a serious condition and indicates increased levels of systolic and diastolic pressure. The blood pressure range in this case is 140/90 mm Hg. A person at stage 2 of hypertension is recommended to one or more types of medications to keep the blood pressure under control and incorporate lifestyle changes. Some medications to treat stage 2 hypertension include ACE inhibitors that block substances responsible for tightening blood vessels and alpha blockers that help in relaxing arteries. They might also administer beta blockers that will decrease the heart increased due to high blood pressure. Calcium channel blockers and diuretics relax blood vessels and reduce the amount of fluid in the body, which brings the heart rate under control.
This is the danger zone of hypertension. It is in this case, where the systolic to diastolic pressure is in the range of 180/120 mm Hg. This blood pressure range, even without any accompanying symptoms, requires immediate medical intervention. In some cases, symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, visual changes, blood in urine, dizziness, and headaches might result in hypertensive crisis.
It is also important to note here that this blood pressure range might be seen temporarily and the numbers might return to normal when the doctor takes a second reading. If the second reading shows the same blood pressure range, then the patient might need immediate medical attention on the basis of the symptoms mentioned above.
Here are some ways that can help you reduce blood pressure range.
Reducing sodium intake
Adults who suffer from hypertension might need to limit salt intake (as it contains sodium) in their daily diet. Sodium is known to reduce water retention in the body, which, in turn, harms the delicate blood vessels and contributes to hypertension. Avoid consuming processed as it contains high levels of sodium and fat as they are harmful if you have a high blood pressure range.
Quit smoking and reduce caffeine intake
The nicotine present in cigarettes hardens the blood vessels, which damages them further when blood exerts pressure. People having a high blood pressure range should limit caffeine intake as it increases the heart rate. This can be harmful for a person is suffering from hypertension.
Exercising and maintaining a healthy weight
Indulging in cardiovascular exercises helps in maintaining a normal blood pressure range as it balances the heart rate. A gentle yoga routine will also help in regulating the blood pressure. Losing five to ten pounds makes a great impact on your blood pressure readings.
The takeaway is that readings associated with blood pressure range might not necessarily classify your health condition. At the same time, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep your blood pressure normal. It is ideal to have your blood pressure check by a healthcare professional once a year.